Today’s Memorable Events
- 7 December 1787 – Deleware becomes the first United State of America
Memorable U. S. Event
7 December 1941 - The Attack on Pearl Harbor
English: A navy photographer snapped this photograph of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, just as the USS Shaw exploded. (80-G-16871) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The attack on Pearl Harbor (called the Hawaii Operation or Operation Z by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, and the Battle of Pearl Harbor by some Americans) was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on the morning of December 7, 1941. The next day the United States declared war on Japan resulting in their entry into World War II. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from influencing the war that the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia, against Britain and the Netherlands, as well as the U.S. in the Philippines. The base was attacked by Japanese aircraft (a total of 353, in two waves) launched from six aircraft carriers.
Four U.S. Navy battleships were sunk (two of which were raised and returned to service later in the war) and all of the four other battleships present were damaged. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed, 2,402 personnel were killed and 1,282 were wounded. The power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light, with 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.
Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia
World War Cycle - Depression / World War II Era - Fourth Turning, Crisis (1930-1944)
Today’s Memorable U. S. Event
WW II, June 6, 1944 - D-Day
Landing craft and tanks at Omaha beach during the D-Day landings, many of which had departed from Penarth (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The Normandy landings, also known as Operation Neptune were the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II. The landings commenced on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (D-Day), beginning at 6:30 AM British Double Summer Time (GMT+2). In planning, D-Day was the term used for the day of actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia
World War Cycle – Depression / World War II Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1930-1944)
Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday
Adolf Hitler – Fascist dictator of Nazi Germany and perpetrator of WWII.
English: Portrait of Adolf Hitler. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , popularly known as the Nazi Party. He was the ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. He was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.
A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the Nazi Party in 1920 and became its leader in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in 1923, he gained support by promoting nationalism, antisemitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly established a totalitarian and fascist dictatorship. Hitler pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum (“living space”) for Germany, directing the resources of the state toward this goal. His rebuilt Wehrmacht invaded Poland in 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.
Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers occupied most of Europe and large parts of Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onward and in 1945 Allied armies invaded Germany from all sides. His forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic killing of as many as 17 million civilians including the genocide of an estimated six million Jews, known as the Holocaust.
Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia
U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)
The author of “Sea Biscuit,” Laura Hillenbrand, has a new book out and it is an amazing story. The book is “Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption.” The first part of the book follows the life of Louis Zamperini from a rocky childhood through to his unlikely participation, right out of high school, in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Then World War II came along and swept his country into war, and him into service to his country. What followed was an unbelievable story of survival, first in the Pacific Ocean and then, in Japanese POW camps for the duration of the war. Finally, the book recounted his difficult and frustrating adjustment to life after the war. The book was one of those rare books that are both difficult to read and to put down. I was enthralled with the story and took a new appreciation of the US war with Japan from it. I would recommend this book to anyone but I would urge anyone to read it that is interested in understanding where our GI generation got its stuff.