Adolf Hitler – Fascist dictator of Nazi Germany and perpetrator of WWII.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , popularly known as the Nazi Party. He was the ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. He was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.
Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers occupied most of Europe and large parts of Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onward and in 1945 Allied armies invaded Germany from all sides. His forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic killing of as many as 17 million civilians including the genocide of an estimated six million Jews, known as the Holocaust.
Four U.S. Navybattleships were sunk (two of which were raised and returned to service later in the war) and all of the four other battleships present were damaged. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed, 2,402 personnel were killed and 1,282 were wounded. The power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light, with 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.
The author of “Sea Biscuit,” Laura Hillenbrand, has a new book out and it is an amazing story. The book is “Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption.” The first part of the book follows the life of Louis Zamperini from a rocky childhood through to his unlikely participation, right out of high school, in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Then World War II came along and swept his country into war, and him into service to his country. What followed was an unbelievable story of survival, first in the Pacific Ocean and then, in Japanese POW camps for the duration of the war. Finally, the book recounted his difficult and frustrating adjustment to life after the war. The book was one of those rare books that are both difficult to read and to put down. I was enthralled with the story and took a new appreciation of the US war with Japan from it. I would recommend this book to anyone but I would urge anyone to read it that is interested in understanding where our GI generation got its stuff.