Today – December 8

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Eli Whitney – Inventor of the cotton gin

English: "Eli Whitney," portrait of ...
“Eli Whitney,” portrait of the inventor, oil on canvas, by the American painter Samuel F. B. Morse. 35 7/8 in. x 27 3/4 in. Courtesy of the Yale University Art Gallery, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the antebellum South. Whitney’s invention made short staple cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery.

A cotton gin on display at the Eli Whitney Museum.
A cotton gin on display at the Eli Whitney Museum. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost his profits in legal battles over patent infringement, closed his business and nearly filed for bankruptcy.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – November 25

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Karl Benz – Founder of the modern automobile

Karl Benz
Karl Benz (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Karl Friedrich Benz, sometimes spelled as Carl, (25 November 1844 – 4 April 1929) was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the petrol-powered automobile and pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer, Mercedes-Benz.

Karl Benz introduced the Velo in 1894, becomin...
Karl Benz introduced the Velo in 1894, becoming the first production automobile (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

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Today – November 18

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Today’s Notable Birthdays

Foreign Birthday

Louis Daguerre – French pioneer in the field of photography

Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (18 November 1787...
Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (18 November 1787 – 10 July 1851) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (November 18, 1787 – July 10, 1851) was a French artist and chemist, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)

Continue reading Today – November 18

Today – November 17

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Nicolas Appert – French inventor of airtight food preservation

English: Nicolas Appert french inventor, tiré ...
Nicolas Appert french inventor, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Nicolas Appert (17 November 1749 – 1 June 1841), was born in Châlons-en-Champagne and was the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the “father of canning,” was a confectioner.

In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte offered an award of 12,000 francs to anyone who could devise a practical method for food preservation for armies on the march; he is widely reported as saying “An army marches on its stomach”. After some 14 or 15 years of experiment, Appert submitted his invention and won the prize in 1810. The following year, Appert published L’Art de conserver les substances animales et végétales (or The Art of Preserving Animal and Vegetable Substancess). This was the first cookbook of its kind on modern food preservation methods.

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U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – November 2

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Today’s Notable Events

U. S. Birthdays

Warren Harding – 29th President of the United States

English: Warren G. Harding
English: Warren G. Harding (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death from a heart attack or stroke in 1923. A Republican from Ohio, Harding was an influential newspaper publisher. He served in the Ohio Senate (1899–1903) and later as Lieutenant Governor of Ohio (1903–1905) and as a U.S. Senator (1915–1921).

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Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – October 6

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Le Corbusier – Pioneer in modern architecture and urban planning

English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known ...
English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known as Le Corbusier. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zü...
Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zürich-Seefeld ( ) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International Style.He was born in Switzerland, but became a French citizen in his 30s.   Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

Today – September 25

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Thomas Hunt Morgan – American geneticist and first Nobel Prize winner in the field of genetics.

English: This image is one of several created ...
This image is one of several created for the 1891 Johns Hopkins yearbook of 1891, see Shine and Hobel. 1976. Thomas Hunt Morgan. The University Press of Kentucky ISBN 081319995X for other examples of photos from the same sitting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American geneticist and embryologist. Morgan received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan’s research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University Morgan was able to demonstrate that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics. When he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 he was the first person awarded the Prize in genetics, for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity.

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World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Continue reading Today – September 25

Today – September 21

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Today’s Notable Birthdays

Notable Foreign Birthday

John Loudon McAdam – Father of paved roads

Deutsch: John Loudon McAdam
John Loudon McAdam (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Loudon McAdam (21 September 1756 – 26 November 1836) was a Scottish engineer and road-builder. He invented a new process, “macadamisation“, for building roads with a smooth hard surface that would be more durable and less muddy than soil-based tracks.

Modern road construction still reflects McAdam’s influence. Of subsequent improvements, the most significant was the introduction of tar (originally coal tar) to bind the road surface’s stones together – “tarmac” (for Tar Macadam) – followed later by the use of hot-laid tarred aggregate or tar-sprayed chippings to create better road metalling. More recently, oil-based asphalt laid on reinforced concrete has become a major road surface, but its use of granite or limestone chippings still recalls McAdam’s innovation.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)  Continue reading Today – September 21

Today – September 13

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Oliver EvensAmerican inventor and industrialist

Oliver Evans (Engraving by W.G.Jackman)
Oliver Evans (Engraving by W.G.Jackman) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Oliver Evans (13 September 1755 – 15 April 1819) was an American inventor. Evans was born in Newport, Delaware to a family of Welsh settlers. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a wheelwright.

Evans’ first invention was in 1777, when he designed a machine for making card teeth for carding wool. He went into business with his brothers and produced a number of improvements in the flour milling industry. His most important invention was an automated grist mill which operated continuously through the use of bulk material handling devices including bucket elevators, conveyor belts, and Archimedean screws. Evans described this invention in The Young Mill-wright and Millers’ Guide. He patented this invention in a few states and, when the US patent system was established, in the federal patent system. Evans devoted a great deal of his time to patents, patent extensions, and enforcement of his patents.

Automated mill for processing grain designed b...
Automated mill for processing grain designed by American inventor Oliver Evans (1775-1819) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1792 he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he produced an improved high-pressure steam engine — his second most important invention. For some years he contemplated the idea of applying steam power to wagons. He was granted a patent for a steam-carriage design in 1789, but did not produce a working example of such a machine until over a decade later. (See below on his Oruktor Amphibolos). Part of his difficulties was a failure to get financial backing. After lack of support in his native land, in 1794 he sent copies of some his designs to Great Britain in an attempt to interest investors there.

As Evans designed a refrigeration machine which ran on vapor in 1805, he is often called the inventor of the refrigerator, although he never built one. (His design was modified by Jacob Perkins, who obtained the first patent for a refrigerating machine in 1834).

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Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

Today – August 27

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays and Events

U. S. Birthday

President Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson

Lyndon Johnson – 36th President of the United States

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969 after his service as the Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.

Johnson, a Democrat, succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, completed Kennedy’s term and was elected President in his own right, winning by a large margin in the 1964 Presidential election. Johnson was greatly supported by the Democratic Party and, as President, was responsible for designing the “Great Society” legislation that included laws that upheld civil rights, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, and his attempt to help the poor in his “War on Poverty.” Simultaneously, he greatly escalated direct American involvement in the Vietnam War.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

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