Today – November 17

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Nicolas Appert – French inventor of airtight food preservation

English: Nicolas Appert french inventor, tiré ...
Nicolas Appert french inventor, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Nicolas Appert (17 November 1749 – 1 June 1841), was born in Châlons-en-Champagne and was the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the “father of canning,” was a confectioner.

In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte offered an award of 12,000 francs to anyone who could devise a practical method for food preservation for armies on the march; he is widely reported as saying “An army marches on its stomach”. After some 14 or 15 years of experiment, Appert submitted his invention and won the prize in 1810. The following year, Appert published L’Art de conserver les substances animales et végétales (or The Art of Preserving Animal and Vegetable Substancess). This was the first cookbook of its kind on modern food preservation methods.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – November 2

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Today’s Notable Events

U. S. Birthdays

Warren Harding – 29th President of the United States

English: Warren G. Harding
English: Warren G. Harding (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was the 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death from a heart attack or stroke in 1923. A Republican from Ohio, Harding was an influential newspaper publisher. He served in the Ohio Senate (1899–1903) and later as Lieutenant Governor of Ohio (1903–1905) and as a U.S. Senator (1915–1921).

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Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Continue reading Today – November 2

Today – October 6

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Le Corbusier – Pioneer in modern architecture and urban planning

English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known ...
English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known as Le Corbusier. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zü...
Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zürich-Seefeld ( ) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International Style.He was born in Switzerland, but became a French citizen in his 30s.   Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

Today – September 25

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Thomas Hunt Morgan – American geneticist and first Nobel Prize winner in the field of genetics.

English: This image is one of several created ...
This image is one of several created for the 1891 Johns Hopkins yearbook of 1891, see Shine and Hobel. 1976. Thomas Hunt Morgan. The University Press of Kentucky ISBN 081319995X for other examples of photos from the same sitting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American geneticist and embryologist. Morgan received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan’s research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University Morgan was able to demonstrate that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics. When he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 he was the first person awarded the Prize in genetics, for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Continue reading Today – September 25

Today – September 21

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Today’s Notable Birthdays

Notable Foreign Birthday

John Loudon McAdam – Father of paved roads

Deutsch: John Loudon McAdam
John Loudon McAdam (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Loudon McAdam (21 September 1756 – 26 November 1836) was a Scottish engineer and road-builder. He invented a new process, “macadamisation“, for building roads with a smooth hard surface that would be more durable and less muddy than soil-based tracks.

Modern road construction still reflects McAdam’s influence. Of subsequent improvements, the most significant was the introduction of tar (originally coal tar) to bind the road surface’s stones together – “tarmac” (for Tar Macadam) – followed later by the use of hot-laid tarred aggregate or tar-sprayed chippings to create better road metalling. More recently, oil-based asphalt laid on reinforced concrete has become a major road surface, but its use of granite or limestone chippings still recalls McAdam’s innovation.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)  Continue reading Today – September 21

Today – September 13

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Oliver EvensAmerican inventor and industrialist

Oliver Evans (Engraving by W.G.Jackman)
Oliver Evans (Engraving by W.G.Jackman) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Oliver Evans (13 September 1755 – 15 April 1819) was an American inventor. Evans was born in Newport, Delaware to a family of Welsh settlers. At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a wheelwright.

Evans’ first invention was in 1777, when he designed a machine for making card teeth for carding wool. He went into business with his brothers and produced a number of improvements in the flour milling industry. His most important invention was an automated grist mill which operated continuously through the use of bulk material handling devices including bucket elevators, conveyor belts, and Archimedean screws. Evans described this invention in The Young Mill-wright and Millers’ Guide. He patented this invention in a few states and, when the US patent system was established, in the federal patent system. Evans devoted a great deal of his time to patents, patent extensions, and enforcement of his patents.

Automated mill for processing grain designed b...
Automated mill for processing grain designed by American inventor Oliver Evans (1775-1819) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1792 he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he produced an improved high-pressure steam engine — his second most important invention. For some years he contemplated the idea of applying steam power to wagons. He was granted a patent for a steam-carriage design in 1789, but did not produce a working example of such a machine until over a decade later. (See below on his Oruktor Amphibolos). Part of his difficulties was a failure to get financial backing. After lack of support in his native land, in 1794 he sent copies of some his designs to Great Britain in an attempt to interest investors there.

As Evans designed a refrigeration machine which ran on vapor in 1805, he is often called the inventor of the refrigerator, although he never built one. (His design was modified by Jacob Perkins, who obtained the first patent for a refrigerating machine in 1834).

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

Today – August 27

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Today’s Notable Birthdays and Events

U. S. Birthday

President Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson

Lyndon Johnson – 36th President of the United States

Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969 after his service as the Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.

Johnson, a Democrat, succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, completed Kennedy’s term and was elected President in his own right, winning by a large margin in the 1964 Presidential election. Johnson was greatly supported by the Democratic Party and, as President, was responsible for designing the “Great Society” legislation that included laws that upheld civil rights, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, and his attempt to help the poor in his “War on Poverty.” Simultaneously, he greatly escalated direct American involvement in the Vietnam War.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

Continue reading Today – August 27

Today – August 19

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

William Clinton – 42nd President of the United States

English: Official White House photo of Preside...
English: Official White House photo of President Bill Clinton, President of the United States. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19, 1946) served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. He was the third-youngest president; only Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy were younger when entering office. He became president at the end of the Cold War, and as he was born in the period after World War II, he is known as the first Baby Boomer president.  His wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, is currently the United States Secretary of State. She was previously a United States Senator from New York, and also candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2008. Both are graduates of Yale Law School.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Present Cycle – Era of Superpower America – First Turning, High (1945-1965)
Boom Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1943-1960)

Continue reading Today – August 19

Today – July 30

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Henry Ford – The father of modern mass production.

Portrait of Henry Ford (ca. 1919)
Portrait of Henry Ford (ca. 1919) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. He was a prolific inventor and was awarded 161 U.S. patents. Though better known for his contributions to industry, his obscure views as an anti-semite and publications under his name continue to stain his achievements as an innovator. As owner of the Ford Motor Company he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world.

Literary Digest interview with Henry Ford
Literary Digest interview with Henry Ford (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

He is credited with “Fordism“, that is, the mass production of large numbers of inexpensive automobiles using the assembly line, coupled with high wages for his workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. Ford did not believe in accountants; he amassed one of the world’s largest fortunes without ever having his company audited under his administration. Henry Ford’s intense commitment to lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put a dealership in every city in North America, and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation but arranged for his family to control the company permanently.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Continue reading Today – July 30

Today – July 7

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Jacquard – Inventor of the programmable “Jacquard loom” an important component of the early Industrial Revolution.

Portrait of Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834)
Portrait of Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Joseph Marie Charles nicknamed Jacquard (7 July 1752 – 7 August 1834) was a straw hat maker before becoming a French silk weaver and inventor. He improved on the original punched card design of Jacques de Vaucanson‘s loom of 1745, to invent the Jacquard loom mechanism in 1804-1805.

Jacquard Loom
Jacquard Loom (Photo credit: Happy A)

Jacquard’s device was controlled by recorded patterns of holes in a string of cards, and allows what is now known as the Jacquard weaving of intricate patterns.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)