Today – April 25

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Oliver Cromwell – Lord Protector of the Commonweath of England

Oliver Cromwell, by Samuel Cooper (died 1672)....
Oliver Cromwell, by Samuel Cooper (died 1672).  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Oliver Cromwell (born April 25, 1599 Old Style, died September 3, 1658 Old Style) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was one of the commanders of the New Model Army which defeated the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell dominated the short-lived Commonwealth of England, conquered Ireland and Scotland, and ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658.

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U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – April 25

Today – April 16

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Wilbur Wright – Credited, along with his brother Orville, with building the first successful airplane.

Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. They are also officially credited worldwide through the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the standard-setting and record-keeping body for aeronautics and astronautics, as “the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight”.

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, b...
First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, by the Wright brothers. The machine traveled 120 ft (36.6 m) in 12 seconds at 10:35 a.m. at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed wing flight possible.

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World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – April 9

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

John Eckert – co-inventor with John Mauchly of the first commercial electronic digital computer (ENIAC)

Kay McNulty hands a print-out of ENIAC results...
Kay McNulty hands a print-out of ENIAC results to its inventors Pres Eckert (left) and John Mauchly (right) in a newsreel dating from 1946. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Adam Presper “Pres” Eckert Jr. (April 9, 1919 – June 3, 1995) was an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer. With John Mauchly he invented the first general-purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC), presented the first course in computing topics (the Moore School Lectures), founded the first commercial computer company (the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation), and designed the first commercial computer in the U.S., the UNIVAC, which incorporated Eckert’s invention of the mercury delay line memory.

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World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

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Today – March 3

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Alexander Graham Bell – Inventor of the first practical telephone

English: Portrait of Alexander Graham Bell Fra...
English: Portrait of Alexander Graham Bell  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) was an eminent scientist, inventor and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone.

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Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

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Today – February 11

#SCIENCE #SCOTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Thomas Edison – Influential American inventor and businessman

Cover of "The Wizard of Menlo Park: How T...
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Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park” by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

Continue reading Today – February 11

Today – January 29

#ARTS #POTUS #SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U.  S. Birthdays

William McKinley – 25fh President of the United States

English: William McKinley.
English: William McKinley. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

William McKinley, Jr. (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, and the last veteran of the American Civil War to be elected.  By the 1880s, McKinley was a national Republican leader; his signature issue was high tariffs on imports as a formula for prosperity, as typified by his McKinley Tariff of 1890.

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Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

Continue reading Today – January 29

Today – January 19

Today’s Memorable Events

#ARTS #SCIENCE #OTD
  • Jan 19 1861 – Georgia becomes the fifth State to secede from the Union in the build up to the Civil War

Notable Foreign Birthdays

James Watt

James Watt – Inventor and engineer who made key improvements to  the Steam Engine

James Watt (19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both the Kingdom of Great Britain and the world.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Liberty Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1724-1741)

Continue reading Today – January 19

Today – January 10

#OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

  • Jan 10 1861 – Florida is the third state to secede from the Union in the Civil War buildup

Spindletop Gusher

English: The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill, ...
English: The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill, South of Beaumont, Texas, United States (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Spindletop is a salt dome oil field located in south Beaumont, Texas in the United States. The Spindletop dome was derived from the Louann Salt evaporite layer of the Jurassic geologic period. On January 10, 1901, a well at Spindletop struck oil (“came in”). The new oil field soon produced more than 100,000 barrels per day (16,000 m3/d) of oil per day. Gulf Oil and Texaco, now part of Chevron Corporation, were formed to develop production at Spindletop.

The strike at Spindletop represented a turning point for Texas and the nation. No previously-discovered oil field in the world had ever been so productive. The frenzy of oil exploration and the economic development it generated in the state became known as the Texas Oil Boom. The United States soon became the leading oil producer in the world.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)

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Today – December 17

#SCIENCE #GENEALOGY #OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

December 17, 1903 – Wright Brothers First Flight

First flight of the Wright Flyer I, December 1...
First flight of the Wright Flyer I, December 17, 1903, Orville piloting, Wilbur running at wingtip. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Following repairs, the Wrights finally took to the air on December 17, 1903, making two flights each from level ground into a freezing headwind gusting to 27 miles per hour (43 km/h). The first flight, by Orville, of 120 feet (37 m) in 12 seconds, at a speed of only 6.8 miles per hour (10.9 km/h) over the ground, was recorded in a famous photograph. The next two flights covered approximately 175 feet (53 m) and 200 feet (61 m), by Wilbur and Orville respectively. Their altitude was about 10 feet (3.0 m) above the ground. Here is Orville Wright’s account of the final flight of the day:

– – – –

Wilbur started the fourth and last flight at just about 12 o’clock. The first few hundred feet were up and down, as before, but by the time three hundred feet had been covered, the machine was under much better control. The course for the next four or five hundred feet had but little undulation. However, when out about eight hundred feet the machine began pitching again, and, in one of its darts downward, struck the ground. The distance over the ground was measured to be 852 feet (260 m); the time of the flight was 59 seconds. The frame supporting the front rudder was badly broken, but the main part of the machine was not injured at all. We estimated that the machine could be put in condition for flight again in about a day or two.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)

Continue reading Today – December 17