Today – February 12

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Today’s Notable Events

(Editor’s note: February 12, 1809 turned out to be a very big day for humankind.  Two remarkable men born on that day.  One changed the way we look at ourselves and one changed the way we look at others.)

U. S. Birthday

Abraham Lincoln – “The Great Emancipator”  16th President of the United States

English: Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth Presid...
Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States. He successfully led the country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserving the Union and ending slavery. As the war was drawing to a close, Lincoln became the first American president to be assassinated. Before his election in 1860 as the first Republican president, Lincoln had been a lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, a member of the United States House of Representatives, and twice an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Senate.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)

Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

Continue reading Today – February 12

Today – January 25

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

#SCIENCE #OTD

Robert Boyle – English natural philosopher, one of the founders of modern chemisty.

Portrait of Robert Boyle
Portrait of Robert Boyle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Robert Boyle (25 January 1627 – 30 December 1691) was an Irish-born English theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and early gentleman scientist, noted for his work in physics and chemistry. He is best known for the formulation of Boyle’s law. Although his research and personal philosophy clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, he is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry. Among his works, The Sceptical Chymist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Cavalier Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1615-1647)

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Today – January 4

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

English: Isaac Newton Dansk: Sir Isaac Newton ...
Sir Isaac Newton  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Newton – Father of Physics – His Works

Sir Isaac Newton, (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian and one of the most influential men in human history.

English: Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica E...
Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

His Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is considered to be the most influential book in the history of science. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics, which dominated the scientific view of the physical Universe for the next three centuries and is the basis for modern engineering.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Cavalier Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1615-1647)
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Today – December 27

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Louis Pasteur – One of the main founders of microbiology

Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Albumen silver prin...
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Albumen silver print on card. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Louis Pasteur ( December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist andmicrobiologist born in Dole. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of disease. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccine for rabies. His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch. Pasteur also made many discoveries in the field of chemistry, most notably the molecular basis for the asymmetry of certain crystals. His body lies beneath the Institute Pasteur in Paris in a spectacular vault covered in depictions of his accomplishments in Byzantine mosaics.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia 

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

Continue reading Today – December 27

Today – December 11

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Robert Koch

Robert Koch – Nobel Prize winning discoverer of Tuberculosis bacillus

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a Prussian physician. He became famous for isolating Bacillus anthracis (1877), the Tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and the Vibrio cholerae (1883) and for his development of Koch’s postulates.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings in 1905. He is considered one of the founders of microbiology, inspiring such major figures as Paul Ehrlich and Gerhard Domagk.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

Today – November 7

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

James Cook – British explorer who made the first European contact with Hawaiians.

Official portrait of Captain James Cook
Official portrait of Captain James Cook (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Captain James Cook (7 November [O.S. 27 October] 1728 – 14 February 1779), was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy. Cook was the first to map Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands as well as the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Liberty Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1724-1741)

Continue reading Today – November 7

Today – October 24

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek – The father of Microbiology

Portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632—1723).
Portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632—1723). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (born on October 24, 1632 – baptized on November 4, and died on August 26, 1723 – buried on August 30) was a Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, the Netherlands. He is commonly known as “the Father of Microbiology“, and considered to be the first microbiologist. He is best known for his work on the improvement of the microscope and for his contributions towards the establishment of microbiology. Using his handcrafted microscopes he was the first to observe and describe single celled organisms, which he originally referred to as animalcules, and which we now refer to as microorganisms. He was also the first to record microscopic observations of muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels). Van Leeuwenhoek never wrote books, just letters.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Cavalier Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1615-1647)

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Today – October 7

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Neils Bohr – Pioneer in the development of nuclear physics.

Niels Bohr. In 1922 the Nobel Prize in Physics...
Niels Bohr. In 1922 the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Niels Bohr for his contributions to the understanding of quantum mechanics. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Niels Henrik David Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at his institute in Copenhagen. He was part of a team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. Bohr married Margrethe Nørlund in 1912, and one of their sons, Aage Bohr, grew up to be an important physicist who in 1975 also received the Nobel prize. Bohr has been described as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – October 5

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Chester Arthur – 20th Vice President and 21st President of the United States

English: Chester Alan Arthur. 21st President o...
Chester Alan Arthur. 21st President of the United States (1881-1885) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American politician who served as the 21st President of the United States. Arthur was a member of the Republican Party and worked as a lawyer before becoming the 20th Vice President under James Garfield. While Garfield was mortally wounded by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881, he did not die until September 19, at which time Arthur was sworn in as president, serving until March 4, 1885

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1822-1837)
Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

Continue reading Today – October 5

Today – September 25

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Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Thomas Hunt Morgan – American geneticist and first Nobel Prize winner in the field of genetics.

English: This image is one of several created ...
This image is one of several created for the 1891 Johns Hopkins yearbook of 1891, see Shine and Hobel. 1976. Thomas Hunt Morgan. The University Press of Kentucky ISBN 081319995X for other examples of photos from the same sitting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American geneticist and embryologist. Morgan received his PhD from Johns Hopkins University in 1890 and researched embryology during his tenure at Bryn Mawr. Following the rediscovery of Mendelian inheritance in 1900, Morgan’s research moved to the study of mutation in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In his famous Fly Room at Columbia University Morgan was able to demonstrate that genes are carried on chromosomes and are the mechanical basis of heredity. These discoveries formed the basis of the modern science of genetics. When he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 he was the first person awarded the Prize in genetics, for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Continue reading Today – September 25