Today – February 22

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

George Washington– The 1st President of the United States and acknowledged as “Father of his Country.”

Emanuel Leutze's depiction of Washington's att...
Emanuel Leutze’s depiction of Washington’s attack on the Hessians at Trenton on December 25, 1776, was a great success in America and in Germany. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the dominant military and political leader of the new United States of America from 1775 to 1799. He led the American victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War as commander in chief of the Continental Army in 1775–1783, and he presided over the writing of the Constitution in 1787. As the unanimous choice to serve as the first President of the United States (1789–1797), he developed the forms and rituals of government that have been used ever since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. As President, he built a strong, well-financed national government that avoided war, suppressed rebellion and won acceptance among Americans of all types, and Washington is now known as the “Father of his country”.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The Age of Enlightenment – First Turning, High (1693-1733)
Liberty Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1724-1741)

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Today – January 17

Today’s Notable Birthdays

#OTD

U. S. Birthday

Benjamin Franklin – An American “Founding Father” and leader of the American Enlightenment

Portrait of Benjamin Franklin
Portrait of Benjamin Franklin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass ‘armonica’. He formed both the first public lending library in America and first fire department in Pennsylvania. He was an early proponent of colonial unity and as a political writer and activist he supported the idea of an American nation and as a diplomat during the American Revolution, he secured the French alliance that helped to make independence possible.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The Age of Enlightenment – First Turning, High (1693-1733)
Awakening Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1701-1723)

Continue reading Today – January 17

Today – January 11

#OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

  • Jan 11 1861 – Alabama becomes the fourth State to secede from the Union in the build up to the Civil War

Notable U. S. Birthday

Alexander Hamilton – Eminent Founding Father

Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757 – July 12, 1804) was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, a Founding Father, economist, and political philosopher. He led calls for the Philadelphia Convention, was one of America’s first Constitutional lawyers, and cowrote the Federalist Papers, a primary source for Constitutional interpretation.

Hamilton’s intense rivalry with political foe Aaron Burr resulted in a duel, in which Hamilton was mortally wounded.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – December 12

#GENEALOGY #SCOTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Events

  • 12 December 1787 – Pennsylvania statehood (2nd)

U. S. Birthday

John Jay – The 1st Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Portrait of John Jay
Portrait of John Jay (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American politician, statesman, revolutionary, diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–95).

Jay served as the President of the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1779. During and after the American Revolution, Jay was a minister (ambassador) to Spain and France, helping to fashion United States foreign policy, and to secure favorable peace terms from Great Britain (with Jay’s Treaty of 1794) and the First French Republic. Jay also co-wrote the Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.

As a leader of the new Federalist Party, Jay was the Governor of New York State from 1795 to 1801, and he became the state’s leading opponent of slavery. His first two attempts to emancipate the slaves in New York failed in 1777 and in 1785, but his third attempt succeeded in 1799. The 1799 act, a gradual emancipation act, that he signed into law eventually brought about the emancipation of all slaves there before his death in 1829.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

Continue reading Today – December 12

Today – October 30

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

John Adams – The 1st Vice President and 2nd President of the United States

John Adams: "the man who at certain point...
John Adams: “the man who at certain points /made us / at certain points / saved us” (Canto LXII). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Adams (October 30, 1735  – July 4, 1826) was an American politician and the second President of the United States (1797–1801), after being the first Vice President (1789–1797) for two terms. He is regarded as one of the most influential Founding Fathers of the United States.

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Thomas Jeffe...
Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson writing the Declaration of independence (1776) were all of British descent. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Adams came to prominence in the early stages of the American Revolution. As a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress, he played a leading role in persuading Congress to adopt the United States Declaration of Independence in 1776. As a representative of Congress in Europe, he was a major negotiator of the eventual peace treaty with Great Britain, and chiefly responsible for obtaining important loans from Amsterdam.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The Great Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1734-1743)
Liberty Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1724-1741)

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Today – October 9

#OTD
#OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

Today is officially Leif Ericson Day in the United States, in honor of the first European discovery of the North American continent.

Christian Krohg's painting of Leiv Eiriksson d...
Christian Krohg’s painting of Leiv Eiriksson discover America, 1893 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lief Ericson ( c. 970 – c. 1020) was a Norse explorer who is regarded as the first European to land in North America (excluding Greenland), nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus.  According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, which has been tentatively identified with the L’Anse aux Meadows Norse site on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

During a stay in Norway, Leif converted to Christianity, like many Norse of that time, at the behest of the King of Norway, Olaf I. When he returned to Greenland, he bought Bjarni Herjólfsson‘s boat and set out with 35 men to explore the land that Bjarni had seen to the west of Greenland, which was likely coastal Canada.

The Saga of the Greenlanders tells that Leif set out in the year 1002 or 1003 to follow Bjarni’s route with 35 crew members, but going north.

The first land he went to was covered with flat rocks (Old Norse hella). He therefore called it Helluland (“Land of the Flat Stones”). This was possibly Baffin Island. Next he came to a land that was flat and wooded, with white sandy beaches. He called this Markland (“Wood-land”), which is possibly Labrador.

Leif and his crew left Markland and again found land, which they named Vinland. They landed and built a small settlement which they called Leifsbúdir, meaning Leif’s storage houses, suggesting the settlement was temporary. They found the area pleasant as there were wild grapes and plenty of salmon in the river. The climate was mild, with little frost in the winter and green grass year-round. They remained in the region over the winter and returned to Greenland in spring carrying a cargo of timber.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Continue reading Today – October 9

Today – May 24

#OTD

Today’s Notable Events

Notable Foreign Birthday

Queen Victoria – Longest reigning British monarch.

Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Victoria (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was from 20 June 1837 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and from 1 May 1876 the first Empress of India of the British Raj until her death. Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and seven months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or since. The period centered on her reign is known as the Victorian era, a time of industrial, political, scientific and military progress within the United Kingdom.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

Continue reading Today – May 24

Today – April 13

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Thomas Jefferson – 3rd President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence

English: Cropped version of Thomas Jefferson, ...
English: Cropped version of Thomas Jefferson, painted by Charles Willson Peale. Philadelphia, 1791. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The Great Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1734-1743)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – March 16

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

James Madison – Founding Father and 4th President of the United States

Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marb...
Secretary of State James Madison, who won Marbury v. Madison, but lost Judicial review. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

James Madison (March 16, 1751–June 28, 1836) was an American politician and political philosopher who served as the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817), and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”, he was the principal author of the document. In 1788, he wrote over a third of the Federalist Papers, still the most influential commentary on the Constitution. The first President to have served in the United States Congress, he was a leader in the 1st United States Congress, drafted many basic laws and was responsible for the first ten amendments to the Constitution (said to be based on the Virginia Declaration of Rights), and thus is also known as the “Father of the Bill of Rights“. As a political theorist, Madison’s most distinctive belief was that the new republic needed checks and balances to protect individual rights from the tyranny of the majority.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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