Today – September 9


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Leo Tolstoy – Greatest Russian novelist

English: Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oi...
Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oil on canvas. 207 × 73 cm. The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leo Tolstoy, or Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 1828 – November 20 1910), was a Russian writer widely regarded as among the greatest of novelists. His masterpieces War and Peace and Anna Karenina represent in their scope, breadth and vivid depiction of 19th-century Russian life and attitudes, the peak of realist fiction.

Cover of "War and Peace (Shared Experienc...
Cover of War and Peace (Shared Experience)

Tolstoy’s further talents as essayist, dramatist, and educational reformer made him the most influential member of the aristocratic Tolstoy family. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)


Today – August 28


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at age 69
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at age 69 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Johann von Goethe – Definitive Renaissance Man and Germany’s greatest man of letters.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ( 28 August 1749  – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and, according to George Eliot, “Germany’s greatest man of letters… and the last true polymath to walk the earth.” Goethe’s works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, theology, philosophy, humanism and science. Goethe’s magnum opus, lauded as one of the peaks of world literature, is the two-part drama Faust. Goethe’s other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

Today – July 15


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Rembrandt – Important artist of the Dutch Classic period.

Artist as a Young Man - Rembrandt Harmenszoon ...
Artist as a Young Man – Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history.  His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)


Today – July 10


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Marcel Proust – French novelist famous for monumental, 7 volume, “Remembrance of Things Past”

Marcel Proust 1900
Marcel Proust 1900 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922) was a French novelist, critic and essayist best known for his monumental À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier translated as Remembrance of Things Past). It was published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – July 3


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Franz Kafka– Influential German-language novelist

Monument to Franz Kafka by the sculptor Jarosl...
Monument to Franz Kafka by the sculptor Jaroslav Róna (2003), next to the Spanish synagoge, in Prague, Czech Republic. Bronze, height 375cm. Note: Freedom of panorama#Czech Republic Français : Monument à Franz Kafka, œuvre du sculpteur Jaroslav Róna (2003), près de la la synagogue espagnole à Prague, en République tchèque. Bronze, hauteur : 375 cm. Note : Liberté de panorama#Tchéquie (République tchèque) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a culturally influential German-language novelist. Contemporary critics and academics, such as Vladimir Nabokov, regard Kafka as one of the best writers of the 20th century. The term “Kafkaesque” has become part of the English language.

Kafka was born to middle class German-speaking Jewish parents in Prague, Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The house in which he was born, on the Old Town Square next to Prague’s Church of St Nicholas, now contains a permanent exhibition devoted to the author.

Most of Kafka’s writing, a large fraction of which being unfinished at the time of his death, was published posthumously.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

Today – June 17


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Igor StravinskyLeading composer of modern classical music

English: russian Composer Igor Stravinsky ????...
Russian Composer Igor Stravinsky  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (17 June 1882 – 6 April 1971) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor, widely acknowledged as one of the most important and influential composers of 20th century music. He was a quintessentially cosmopolitan Russian who was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the century.  In addition to the recognition he received for his compositions, he also achieved fame as a pianist and a conductor, often at the premieres of his works.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – May 25


Todays Memorable Events

 Notable U. S. Birthday

Ralph Waldo Emerson – Prominent 19th Century American Transcendentalist Poet

English: Photo of American Transcendentalist, ...
English: Photo of American Transcendentalist, writer, and minister Ralph Waldo Emerson. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – 1st Turning, High (1788-1821)

Transcendental GenerationProphet, Idealist Type (1792-1821)


Today – May 22


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Richard Wagner – Celebrated German composer of operas

English: Richard Wagner, Munich Slovenš?ina: N...
English: Richard Wagner, Munich Slovenš?ina: Nemški skladatelj Richard Wagner (okrog leta 1871). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or “music dramas”, as they were later called). Unlike most other great opera composers, Wagner wrote both the scenario and libretto for his works.


Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

 U. S. Contemporaries:  Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

Today – May 4


Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Kangxi Emperor – Longest reigning Chinese Emperor

Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor in Court Dress,...
Portrait of the Kangxi Emperor in Court Dress,  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Kangxi Emperor ( May 4, 1654 – December 20, 1722) was the third Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing Dynasty and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722. His reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning Chinese Emperor in history and one of the longest in the world.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Glorious Generation – Hero (Civic) (1648-1673)


Continue reading Today – May 4