Today – January 19

Today’s Memorable Events

#ARTS #SCIENCE #OTD
  • Jan 19 1861 – Georgia becomes the fifth State to secede from the Union in the build up to the Civil War

Notable Foreign Birthdays

James Watt

James Watt – Inventor and engineer who made key improvements to  the Steam Engine

James Watt (19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both the Kingdom of Great Britain and the world.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Liberty Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1724-1741)

Continue reading Today – January 19

Today – January 15

#OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

Martin Luther King Jr. – Leader of the African-American civil rights movement.

Martin Luther King, Jr.
Cover of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States and he is frequently referenced as a human rights icon today.

A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president.  He was assassinated by a gunman in 1968.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)
Silent Generation, – Artist (Adaptive) (1925-1942)

Continue reading Today – January 15

Today – December 9

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

John MiltonEminent English Poet

English: Portrait of John Milton in National P...
Portrait of John Milton in National Portrait Gallery, London (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English poet, author, polemicist and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England.

He is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost
and for his treatise condemning censorship, Areopagitica.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

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Today – December 7

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Memorable Events

  • 7 December 1787 – Deleware becomes the first United State of America

Memorable U. S. Event

7 December 1941 – The Attack on Pearl Harbor

English: A navy photographer snapped this phot...
English: A navy photographer snapped this photograph of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, just as the USS Shaw exploded. (80-G-16871) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The attack on Pearl Harbor (called the Hawaii Operation or Operation Z by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, and the Battle of Pearl Harbor by some Americans) was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on the morning of December 7, 1941. The next day the United States declared war on Japan resulting in their entry into World War II. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from influencing the war that the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia, against Britain and the Netherlands, as well as the U.S. in the Philippines. The base was attacked by Japanese aircraft (a total of 353, in two waves) launched from six aircraft carriers.

Four U.S. Navy battleships were sunk (two of which were raised and returned to service later in the war) and all of the four other battleships present were damaged. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed, 2,402 personnel were killed and 1,282 were wounded. The power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light, with 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Depression / World War II Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1930-1944)

Continue reading Today – December 7

Today – November 30

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

Mark Twain – Possibly America’s best known author

Cover of "The Adventures of Huckleberry F...
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mark twain Category:Mark Twain images
mark twain (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. Twain is most noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which has since been called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He is extensively quoted. During his lifetime, Twain became a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.

Twain enjoyed immense public popularity. His keen wit and incisive satire earned him praise from both critics and peers. William Faulkner called Twain “the father of American literature“.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1822-1837)
Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

Continue reading Today – November 30

Today – November 11

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Fyodor Dostoyevsky – preeminent Russion philosopher and novelist

Dostoevsky in 1863.
Dostoevsky in 1863. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij, Dostoevski, Dostojevski or Dostoevskii (November 11, 1821 – February 9, 1881)

Cover of "Crime and Punishment (Everyman'...
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was a Russian writer, essayist and philosopher, known for his novels Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

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Today – October 25

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Pablo Picasso – Spanish painter/sculptor and one of the leaders in 20th Century modernart.

Pablo Picasso 1962
Pablo Picasso 1962 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor.

Portrait of Picasso
Portrait of Picasso (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Commonly known simply as Picasso, he is one of the most recognized figures in 20th-century art. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) and Guernica (1937), his portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – September 29

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Miguel de Cervantes – Spanish writer considered the first modern novelist.

Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Miguel de...
Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Miguel de Cervantes, c.1610 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra ( September 29, 1547 – April 23, 1616) was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His magnum opus, Don Quixote, often considered the first modern novel, is a classic of Western literature and is regularly regarded among the best novels ever written. His work is considered among the most important in all of literature. His influence on the Spanish language has been so great, that Spanish is often called la lengua de Cervantes (The language of Cervantes). He has been dubbed el Príncipe de los Ingenios – the Prince of Wits.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Elder of Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – September 29

Today – September 18

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Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Samuel Johnson  – One of England’s most distinguished men of letters

Portrait of Samuel Johnson commissioned for He...
Portrait of Samuel Johnson commissioned for Henry Thrale’s Streatham Park gallery (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English author. Beginning as a Grub Street journalist, he made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, novelist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devout Anglican and political conservative, and has been described as “arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history”.  He is also the subject of “the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature”: James Boswell‘s Life of Samuel Johnson.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Awakening Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1701-1723)

Today – September 9

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Leo Tolstoy – Greatest Russian novelist

English: Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oi...
Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oil on canvas. 207 × 73 cm. The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leo Tolstoy, or Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 1828 – November 20 1910), was a Russian writer widely regarded as among the greatest of novelists. His masterpieces War and Peace and Anna Karenina represent in their scope, breadth and vivid depiction of 19th-century Russian life and attitudes, the peak of realist fiction.

Cover of "War and Peace (Shared Experienc...
Cover of War and Peace (Shared Experience)

Tolstoy’s further talents as essayist, dramatist, and educational reformer made him the most influential member of the aristocratic Tolstoy family. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)