Today – November 30

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

Mark Twain – Possibly America’s best known author

Cover of "The Adventures of Huckleberry F...
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mark twain Category:Mark Twain images
mark twain (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. Twain is most noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which has since been called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. He is extensively quoted. During his lifetime, Twain became a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.

Twain enjoyed immense public popularity. His keen wit and incisive satire earned him praise from both critics and peers. William Faulkner called Twain “the father of American literature“.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1822-1837)
Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

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Today – November 11

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Fyodor Dostoyevsky – preeminent Russion philosopher and novelist

Dostoevsky in 1863.
Dostoevsky in 1863. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, Dostoievsky, Dostojevskij, Dostoevski, Dostojevski or Dostoevskii (November 11, 1821 – February 9, 1881)

Cover of "Crime and Punishment (Everyman'...
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was a Russian writer, essayist and philosopher, known for his novels Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

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Today – October 25

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Pablo Picasso – Spanish painter/sculptor and one of the leaders in 20th Century modernart.

Pablo Picasso 1962
Pablo Picasso 1962 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor.

Portrait of Picasso
Portrait of Picasso (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Commonly known simply as Picasso, he is one of the most recognized figures in 20th-century art. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) and Guernica (1937), his portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – September 29

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Miguel de Cervantes – Spanish writer considered the first modern novelist.

Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Miguel de...
Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Miguel de Cervantes, c.1610 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra ( September 29, 1547 – April 23, 1616) was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His magnum opus, Don Quixote, often considered the first modern novel, is a classic of Western literature and is regularly regarded among the best novels ever written. His work is considered among the most important in all of literature. His influence on the Spanish language has been so great, that Spanish is often called la lengua de Cervantes (The language of Cervantes). He has been dubbed el Príncipe de los Ingenios – the Prince of Wits.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Elder of Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – September 29

Today – September 18

#OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Samuel Johnson  – One of England’s most distinguished men of letters

Portrait of Samuel Johnson commissioned for He...
Portrait of Samuel Johnson commissioned for Henry Thrale’s Streatham Park gallery (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English author. Beginning as a Grub Street journalist, he made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, novelist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devout Anglican and political conservative, and has been described as “arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history”.  He is also the subject of “the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature”: James Boswell‘s Life of Samuel Johnson.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Awakening Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1701-1723)

Today – September 9

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Leo Tolstoy – Greatest Russian novelist

English: Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oi...
Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy shoeless. Oil on canvas. 207 × 73 cm. The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leo Tolstoy, or Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 1828 – November 20 1910), was a Russian writer widely regarded as among the greatest of novelists. His masterpieces War and Peace and Anna Karenina represent in their scope, breadth and vivid depiction of 19th-century Russian life and attitudes, the peak of realist fiction.

Cover of "War and Peace (Shared Experienc...
Cover of War and Peace (Shared Experience)

Tolstoy’s further talents as essayist, dramatist, and educational reformer made him the most influential member of the aristocratic Tolstoy family. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

 

Today – August 28

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at age 69
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at age 69 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Johann von Goethe – Definitive Renaissance Man and Germany’s greatest man of letters.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ( 28 August 1749  – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and, according to George Eliot, “Germany’s greatest man of letters… and the last true polymath to walk the earth.” Goethe’s works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, theology, philosophy, humanism and science. Goethe’s magnum opus, lauded as one of the peaks of world literature, is the two-part drama Faust. Goethe’s other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

Today – July 15

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Rembrandt – Important artist of the Dutch Classic period.

Artist as a Young Man - Rembrandt Harmenszoon ...
Artist as a Young Man – Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history.  His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

 

Today – July 10

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Marcel Proust – French novelist famous for monumental, 7 volume, “Remembrance of Things Past”

Marcel Proust 1900
Marcel Proust 1900 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922) was a French novelist, critic and essayist best known for his monumental À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier translated as Remembrance of Things Past). It was published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – July 3

#ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Franz Kafka– Influential German-language novelist

Monument to Franz Kafka by the sculptor Jarosl...
Monument to Franz Kafka by the sculptor Jaroslav Róna (2003), next to the Spanish synagoge, in Prague, Czech Republic. Bronze, height 375cm. Note: Freedom of panorama#Czech Republic Français : Monument à Franz Kafka, œuvre du sculpteur Jaroslav Róna (2003), près de la la synagogue espagnole à Prague, en République tchèque. Bronze, hauteur : 375 cm. Note : Liberté de panorama#Tchéquie (République tchèque) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a culturally influential German-language novelist. Contemporary critics and academics, such as Vladimir Nabokov, regard Kafka as one of the best writers of the 20th century. The term “Kafkaesque” has become part of the English language.

Kafka was born to middle class German-speaking Jewish parents in Prague, Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The house in which he was born, on the Old Town Square next to Prague’s Church of St Nicholas, now contains a permanent exhibition devoted to the author.

Most of Kafka’s writing, a large fraction of which being unfinished at the time of his death, was published posthumously.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)