Today’s Notable Birthdays
Mahatma Gandhi – Spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence—which led India to independence and has inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known around the world as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: maha-tma- or ‘Great Soul’, a honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore), and in India also as Bapu (Gujarati: ba-pu or ‘Father’). He is officially honoured in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)
Joseph Tunison was born on this day in 1888