Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays
George Stephenson – English engineer known as the “Father of Railways.”
George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and is known as the “Father of Railways”. The Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praising his achievements. His rail gauge of 4 feet 8½ inches (1,440 mm), sometimes called “Stephenson gauge”, is the world’s standard gauge.
U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)
Peter the Great – Founder of the Russian Empire
Peter I the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725) ruled Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly half-brother, Ivan V. Peter the Great carried out a policy of modernization and expansion that transformed the Tsardom of Russia into the 3-billion acre Russian Empire, a major European power.
U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Glorious Generation – Hero (Civic) (1648-1673)