Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday
Mustafa Atatürk – First President of independent Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was the leader of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first President. Mustafa Kemal became known as an extremely capable military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish national movement in what would become known as the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, Atatürk sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic and secular nation-state. The principles of Atatürk’s reforms, which modern Turkey was established on, are referred to as Kemalism.
U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)