Today’s Memorable U. S. Events
Founding of Jamestown, Virginia
Jamestown (or James Towne or Jamestowne) was a settlement located on Jamestown Island in the Virginia Colony. Founded as “James Fort” on May 14, 1607, it was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States of America, following several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. It was founded by the London Company (later to become the Virginia Company), headquartered in England. Jamestown was the capital of the colony for 83 years (from 1616 until 1699). The town was located in James City Shire upon its formation in 1634 as one of the original eight shires of Virginia. Within a year of Jamestown’s foundation, the Virginia Company brought Polish and Dutch colonists to help improve the settlement. In 1619, the first African slaves were brought to Jamestown by Dutch traders, marking the beginning of slavery in the future United States.
Colonial Cycle – Elizabethan Renaissance Era – First Turning, High (1589-1620)
Lewis And Clark Expedition Begins
The Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the “Corps of Discovery Expedition” (1804–1806), was the first transcontinental expedition to the Pacific coast undertaken by the United States. Commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson, it was led by two Virginia-born veterans of Indian wars in the Ohio Valley, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Their objectives were both scientific and commercial – to study the area’s plants, animal life, and geography, and to learn how the region could be exploited economically.
There were 33 people, including 29 participants in training at the 1803–1804 Camp Dubois winter staging area in Illinois Territory, near present day Hartford, Illinois. They left on May 14, 1804, and met up with Lewis in Saint Charles, Missouri, a short time later; the corps followed the Missouri River westward.
Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)