Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays
William Harvey – English physician who first described the circulatory system
William Harvey (1 April 1578 – 3 June 1657) was an English physician who was the first in the Western world to describe correctly and in exact detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped around the body by the heart.
Elder of Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)
Otto von Bismarck – “The Iron Chancellor” of late 19th century Germany
Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck, Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen, Duke of Lauenburg, Prince of Bismarck, (1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), was a Prussian German statesman and aristocrat of the 19th century. As Minister-President of Prussia from 1862–1890, he oversaw the unification of Germany. In 1867 he became Chancellor of the North German Confederation. When the second German Empire was formed in 1871, he served as its first Chancellor until 1890 and practiced Realpolitik, which gained him the nickname “The Iron Chancellor”. As Chancellor, Bismarck held an important role in the German government and greatly influenced German and international politics both during and after his time of service.
U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)