Today’s Notable Birthdays
U. S. Birthday
Benjamin Franklin – An American “Founding Father” and leader of the American Enlightenment
Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. He invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, a carriage odometer, and the glass ‘armonica’. He formed both the first public lending library in America and first fire department in Pennsylvania. He was an early proponent of colonial unity and as a political writer and activist he supported the idea of an American nation and as a diplomat during the American Revolution, he secured the French alliance that helped to make independence possible.
Auguste Comte – one of the founders in the field of sociology.
Auguste Comte, full name: Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte; (17 January 1798 – 5 September 1857) was a French philosopher, one of the founders of sociology (from the Latin: socius, “companion”; and the suffix -ology, “the study of”, from Greek lógos, “knowledge”) and positivism. He is responsible for the coining and introduction of the term altruism.
U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)