Here’s wishing you and yours a wonderful 2016.
Today’s Notable U. S. Events
The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect – January 1, 1863
The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers. It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states then in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at that time. The Proclamation immediately freed 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (called freedmen) citizens.
On September 22, 1862, Lincoln announced that he would issue a formal emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. None returned and the actual order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control. The Proclamation made abolition a central goal of the war (in addition to reunion), outraged white Southerners who envisioned a race war, angered some Northern Democrats, energized anti-slavery forces, and weakened forces in Europe that wanted to intervene to help the Confederacy.
Slavery was made illegal everywhere in the U.S. by the Thirteenth Amendment, which took effect in December 1865.
Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
Henry McLaughlin was born on this day in 1842
Henry McLaughlin (1 Jan 1842, Virginia – 3 Oct 1924, Oklahoma) was my spouse’s great-grandfather. Henry’s second wife, whom he married in 1875 in Missouri, was Polina “Pliny” Todd my spouse’s great-grandmother.
Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)