Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday
John Marshall – 4th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
John Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was the Chief Justice of the United States (1801–35) whose court opinions helped lay the basis for American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801.
The longest-serving Chief Justice of the United States, Marshall dominated the Court for over three decades and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system.