Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday
Ernest Rutherford – The father of nuclear physics
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson (30 August 1871–19 October 1937) was a New Zealand born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. He discovered that atoms have a small charged nucleus, and thereby pioneered the Rutherford model (or planetary model, which later evolved into the Bohr model or orbital model) of the atom, through his discovery of Rutherford scattering with his gold foil experiment. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. He is widely credited as splitting the atom in 1917 and leading the first experiment to “split the nucleus” in a controlled manner by two students under his direction, John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton in 1932.
U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)