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Today – April 27

#POTUS #ARTS #OTD

Today’s Notable Events

U. S. Birthday

Ulysses S. Grant – Civil War Union General and 18th President of the United States

English: Pres. U.S. Grant (between 1870 and 18...
Pres. U.S. Grant (between 1870 and 1880)  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant) (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was general-in-chief of the Union Army from 1864 to 1865 during the American Civil War and the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Transcendental Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1822-1837)
Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

Continue reading Today – April 27

Today – April 26

#ARTS #OTD

Todays Notable Foreign Birthdays

Shakespeare – Simply the greatest writer in English history.

This was long thought to be the only portrait ...
This was long thought to be the only portrait of William Shakespeare that had any claim to have been painted from life, until another possible life portrait, the Cobbe portrait, was revealed in 2009. The portrait is known as the ‘Chandos portrait’ after a previous owner, James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos. It was the first portrait to be acquired by the National Portrait Gallery in 1856. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s preeminent dramatist.  He is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon” (or simply “The Bard”). His surviving works consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

His actual birthdate is unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, St George’s Day. This date, which can be traced back to an eighteenth-century scholar’s mistake, has proved appealing because Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Elder of Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – April 26

Today – April 25

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Oliver Cromwell – Lord Protector of the Commonweath of England

Oliver Cromwell, by Samuel Cooper (died 1672)....
Oliver Cromwell, by Samuel Cooper (died 1672).  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Oliver Cromwell (born April 25, 1599 Old Style, died September 3, 1658 Old Style) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland. He was one of the commanders of the New Model Army which defeated the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell dominated the short-lived Commonwealth of England, conquered Ireland and Scotland, and ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – April 25

Today – April 23

#POTUS #SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

Notable U. S. Birthday

James Buchanan – 15th President of the United States

English: I took photo of James Buchanan in Nat...
English: Photo of James Buchanan in National Portrait Gallery. Public domain. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States from 1857–1861 and the last to be born in the 18th century.  To date he is the only President from the state of Pennsylvania and the only to remain a lifelong bachelor.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)
Revolutionary War Cycle – Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)

Continue reading Today – April 23

Today – April 22

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s notable Birthdays

Notable U. S. Birthday

J. Robert Oppenheimer – The Father of the Atomic Bomb

English: Official portrait of J. Robert Oppenh...
Official portrait of J. Robert Oppenheimer, first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project: the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear weapons at the secret Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. For this reason he is remembered as “The Father of the Atomic Bomb“. In reference to the Trinity test in New Mexico, where his Los Alamos team first tested the bomb, Oppenheimer famously recalled the Bhagavad Gita: “If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once into the sky, that would be like the splendor of the mighty one.” and “Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.”

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

Continue reading Today – April 22

Today – April 20

#OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Adolf Hitler – Fascist dictator of Nazi Germany and perpetrator of WWII.

English: Portrait of Adolf Hitler.
English: Portrait of Adolf Hitler. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , popularly known as the Nazi Party. He was the ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. He was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.

A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the Nazi Party in 1920 and became its leader in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in 1923, he gained support by promoting nationalism, antisemitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly established a totalitarian and fascist dictatorship. Hitler pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum (“living space”) for Germany, directing the resources of the state toward this goal. His rebuilt Wehrmacht invaded Poland in 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.

Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers occupied most of Europe and large parts of Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onward and in 1945 Allied armies invaded Germany from all sides. His forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic killing of as many as 17 million civilians including the genocide of an estimated six million Jews, known as the Holocaust.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – April 18

#OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

David Ricardo – Leading classical economist

David Ricardo (1772-1823), british economist
David Ricardo (1772-1823), british economist (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

David Ricardo (18 April 1772 – 11 September 1823) was a political economist, often credited with systematizing economics, and was one of the most influential of the classical economists, along with Thomas Malthus and Adam Smith. He was also a member of Parliament, businessman, financier and speculator, who amassed a considerable personal fortune. Perhaps the most important of his contributions was the theory of comparative advantage, a fundamental argument in favor of free trade among countries and of specialization among individuals.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)

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Today – April 16

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Wilbur Wright – Credited, along with his brother Orville, with building the first successful airplane.

Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. They are also officially credited worldwide through the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the standard-setting and record-keeping body for aeronautics and astronautics, as “the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight”.

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, b...
First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, by the Wright brothers. The machine traveled 120 ft (36.6 m) in 12 seconds at 10:35 a.m. at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed wing flight possible.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – April 15

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Event

The death of President Abraham Lincoln

Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln; 18...
Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln; 1865 depiction. Assassin John Wilkes Booth on the right. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close, just five days after the surrender of the commanding general of the Army of Northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee, and his battered Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated, though an unsuccessful attempt had been made on Andrew Jackson in 1835.

The assassination was planned and carried out by well-known actor John Wilkes Booth as part of a larger conspiracy intended to rally the remaining Confederate troops to continue fighting. Booth plotted with Lewis Powell and George Atzerodt to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward and Vice President Andrew Johnson as well.

Lincoln was shot while watching the play Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. with his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln. He died the next morning. The rest of the plot failed. Powell only managed to wound Seward, while Atzerodt, Johnson’s would-be assassin, lost his nerve and fled.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)

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