Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial. The Warren Commission and the 1979 House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded that Oswald was the assassin, with the HSCA allowing for the probability of conspiracy. The event proved to be an important moment in U.S. history because of its impact on the nation and the ensuing political repercussions. Today, Kennedy continues to rank highly in public opinion ratings of former U.S. presidents.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States.
Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896) was a pioneer of human aviation who became known as the German Glider King. He was the first person to make repeated successful gliding flights. He followed an experimental approach first established earlier in the century by Sir George Cayley. Newspapers and magazines in many countries published photographs of Lilienthal gliding, favorably influencing public and scientific opinion about the possibility of flying machines becoming practical reality after ages of idle fantasy and unscientific tinkering.
Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, theatre director and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or “music dramas”, as they were later called). Unlike most other great opera composers, Wagner wrote both the scenario and libretto for his works.
John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873), British philosopher, political theorist, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential classical liberal thinker of the 19th century. He was an exponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham, although his conception of it was very different from Bentham’s.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881–10 November 1938) was the leader of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first President. Mustafa Kemal became known as an extremely capable military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish national movement in what would become known as the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, Atatürk sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic and secularnation-state. The principles of Atatürk’s reforms, which modern Turkey was established on, are referred to as Kemalism.
William and Lucy were my great-grandparents. They were my father’s maternal grandparents. William was the last of my direct ancestors to immigrate to the United States. In about 1873, when he was a small child, he immigrated from Sweden ( or possibly Denmark) with his parents. Lucy was born in the United States but her parents had immigrated from Germany in the early 1850’s. Her father, even though a recent immigrant, fought for the Union Army (Twenty-sixth Infantry IOWA) in the Civil War.
The photo was taken around 1911 or 12. My grandmother, Bessie (Nelson) Murray is the young woman in the upper right of the photo.
Edward Jenner, (17 May 1749 – 26 January 1823) was an English scientist who studied his natural surroundings in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Jenner is widely credited as the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, and is sometimes referred to as the ‘Father of Immunology’.