Today – December 21

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

Memorable U. S. Event

December 21, 1620Pilgrims Land at Plymouth Rock

"The Landing of the Pilgrims."(1877)...

“The Landing of the Pilgrims.”(1877) by Henry A. Bacon (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth) was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 to 1691. The first settlement was at New Plymouth, a location previously surveyed and named by Captain John Smith. The settlement, which served as the capital of the colony, is today the modern town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. At its height, Plymouth Colony occupied most of the southeastern portion of the modern state of Massachusetts. Continue reading

Today – December 20

Today’s Memorable U. S. Event

December 20, 1803  – Louisiana Purchase

Transfer of Louisiana by Ford P. Kaiser for th...

Transfer of Louisiana by Ford P. Kaiser for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane “Sale of Louisiana”) was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,800 square miles (2,147,000 km2) of the French territory Louisiana in 1803.

The U.S. paid 60 million francs ($11,250,000) plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs ($3,750,000), a total cost of 15 million dollars for the Louisiana territory. Continue reading

Today – December 18

Today’s Memorable Events

  • Dec 18 1787 – New Jersey becomes the third United State of America

Notable Foreign Birthday

Joseph Stalin - Post Revolutionary Leader of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union

English: Joseph Stalin, Secretary-general of t...

English: Joseph Stalin, Secretary-general of the Communist party of Soviet Russia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Joseph Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union‘s Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin’s death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – December 17

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

December 17, 1903 – Wright Brothers First Flight

First flight of the Wright Flyer I, December 1...

First flight of the Wright Flyer I, December 17, 1903, Orville piloting, Wilbur running at wingtip. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Following repairs, the Wrights finally took to the air on December 17, 1903, making two flights each from level ground into a freezing headwind gusting to 27 miles per hour (43 km/h). The first flight, by Orville, of 120 feet (37 m) in 12 seconds, at a speed of only 6.8 miles per hour (10.9 km/h) over the ground, was recorded in a famous photograph. The next two flights covered approximately 175 feet (53 m) and 200 feet (61 m), by Wilbur and Orville respectively. Their altitude was about 10 feet (3.0 m) above the ground. Here is Orville Wright’s account of the final flight of the day:

- – – -

Wilbur started the fourth and last flight at just about 12 o’clock. The first few hundred feet were up and down, as before, but by the time three hundred feet had been covered, the machine was under much better control. The course for the next four or five hundred feet had but little undulation. However, when out about eight hundred feet the machine began pitching again, and, in one of its darts downward, struck the ground. The distance over the ground was measured to be 852 feet (260 m); the time of the flight was 59 seconds. The frame supporting the front rudder was badly broken, but the main part of the machine was not injured at all. We estimated that the machine could be put in condition for flight again in about a day or two.

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World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)

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Today – December 16

Today’s Memorable Events

United States Event

December 16, 1773Boston Tea Party

Boston Tea Party ("Americans throwing Car...

Boston Tea Party (“Americans throwing Cargoes of the Tea Ships into the River, at Boston”). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Boston Tea Party was a direct action by colonists in Boston, a town in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the British government. On December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain, a group of colonists boarded the ships and destroyed the tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor. The incident remains an iconic event of American history, and reference is often made to it in other political protests.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)

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Today – December 14

Today’s Notable Events

Memorable U. S. Event

December 14, 1799Death of George Washington

George Washington

George Washington (Photo credit: History Rewound)

On December 12, 1799, Washington spent several hours inspecting his farms on horseback, in snow and later hail and freezing rain. He sat down to dine that evening without changing his wet clothes. The next morning, he awoke with a bad cold, fever, and a throat infection called quinsy that turned into acute laryngitis and pneumonia. Washington died on the evening of December 14, 1799, at his home aged 67, while attended by Dr. James Craik, one of his closest friends, Dr. Gustavus Richard Brown, Dr. Elisha C. Dick, and Tobias Lear V, Washington’s personal secretary. Lear would record the account in his journal, writing that Washington’s last words were “‘Tis well.” Modern doctors believe that Washington died largely because of his treatment, which included calomel and bloodletting, resulting in a combination of shock from the loss of five pints of blood, as well as asphyxia and dehydration.

Throughout the world men and women were saddened by Washington’s death. Napoleon ordered ten days of mourning throughout France and in the United States thousands wore mourning clothes for months. To protect their privacy, Martha Washington burned the correspondence between her husband and herself following his death. Only three letters between the couple have survived.

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)

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Today – December 13

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Henry IV of France – The first Bourbon monarch of France.

Henry IV, King of France in Armour, c. 1610 (L...

Henry IV, King of France in Armour, c. 1610 (Louvre) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610) was King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France. His parents were Queen Jeanne III and King Antoine of Navarre.

As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion before ascending the throne in 1589. Before his coronation as king of France at Chartres, he changed his faith from Calvinism to Catholicism and, in 1598, he enacted the Edict of Nantes, which guaranteed religious liberties to the Protestants and thereby effectively ended the civil war. One of the most popular French kings, both during and after his reign, Henry showed great care for the welfare of his subjects and displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the time. He was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic, François Ravaillac.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

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Today – December 12

Today’s Notable U. S. Events

  • 12 December 1787 – Pennsylvania statehood (2nd)

U. S. Birthday

John Jay – The 1st Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Portrait of John Jay

Portrait of John Jay (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American politician, statesman, revolutionary, diplomat, a Founding Father of the United States, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–95).

Jay served as the President of the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1779. During and after the American Revolution, Jay was a minister (ambassador) to Spain and France, helping to fashion United States foreign policy, and to secure favorable peace terms from Great Britain (with Jay’s Treaty of 1794) and the First French Republic. Jay also co-wrote the Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison.

As a leader of the new Federalist Party, Jay was the Governor of New York State from 1795 to 1801, and he became the state’s leading opponent of slavery. His first two attempts to emancipate the slaves in New York failed in 1777 and in 1785, but his third attempt succeeded in 1799. The 1799 act, a gradual emancipation act, that he signed into law eventually brought about the emancipation of all slaves there before his death in 1829.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – December 11

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Robert Koch

Robert Koch – Nobel Prize winning discoverer of Tuberculosis bacillus

Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a Prussian physician. He became famous for isolating Bacillus anthracis (1877), the Tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and the Vibrio cholerae (1883) and for his development of Koch’s postulates.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings in 1905. He is considered one of the founders of microbiology, inspiring such major figures as Paul Ehrlich and Gerhard Domagk.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)