Today – July 30

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Henry Ford – The father of modern mass production.

Portrait of Henry Ford (ca. 1919)

Portrait of Henry Ford (ca. 1919) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. He was a prolific inventor and was awarded 161 U.S. patents. Though better known for his contributions to industry, his obscure views as an anti-semite and publications under his name continue to stain his achievements as an innovator. As owner of the Ford Motor Company he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world.

Literary Digest interview with Henry Ford

Literary Digest interview with Henry Ford (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

He is credited with “Fordism“, that is, the mass production of large numbers of inexpensive automobiles using the assembly line, coupled with high wages for his workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. Ford did not believe in accountants; he amassed one of the world’s largest fortunes without ever having his company audited under his administration. Henry Ford’s intense commitment to lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put a dealership in every city in North America, and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation but arranged for his family to control the company permanently.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – July 26

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Carl Jung – Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology based on the collective unconscious

English: Carl Gustav Jung ????????: ???? ?????...

Carl Gustav Jung (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker and the founder of analytical psychology known as Jungian psychology. Jung’s approach to psychology has been influential in the field of depth psychology and in countercultural movements across the globe. Jung is considered as the first modern psychologist to state that the human psyche is “by nature religious” and to explore it in depth. He emphasized understanding the psyche through exploring the worlds of dreams, art, mythology, religion and philosophy. Although he was a theoretical psychologist and practicing clinician, much of his life’s work was spent exploring other areas, including Eastern and Western philosophy, alchemy, astrology, sociology, as well as literature and the arts. His most notable ideas include the concept of psychological archetypes, the collective unconscious and synchronicity.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – July 25

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Gavrilo Princip – The man who started World War I

Gavrilo Princip

Gavrilo Princip (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Gavrilo Princip (25 July 1894 – 28 April 1918) was a Yugoslav nationalist associated with the freedom movement Mlada Bosna. Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Princip and his accomplices were arrested and implicated a number of members of the Serbian Military, leading Austria-Hungary to issue a démarche to Serbia known as the July Ultimatum. This set off a chain of events that led to World War I.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

Today – July 24

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Simón Bolivar – “The Liberator” of Spanish America

Simón Bolivar fought for the independence of s...

Simón Bolivar fought for the independence of several South American countries. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte Blanco, more commonly known as Simón Bolívar “The Liberator” (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was one of the most important leaders together with José de San Martín of Spanish America‘s successful struggle for independence against Spain. Following the triumph over the Spanish Monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of Gran Colombia, a nation formed from several liberated Spanish colonies. He was President of Gran Colombia from 1821 to 1830. Bolívar is credited with contributing decisively to the independence of the present-day countries of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia and is revered as a national hero in them.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Revolutionary War Cycle – Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)

 

Today – July 20

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

Anne Hutchinson – Religious dissident banned from the Puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Anne Hutchinson on Trial

Anne Hutchinson on Trial (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Anne Hutchinson (baptized July 20, 1591 – August 20, 1643) was a pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands and the unauthorized minister of a dissident church discussion group. Hutchinson held Bible meetings for women that soon appealed to men as well. Eventually, she went beyond Bible study to proclaim her own theological interpretations of sermons, some, such as antinomianism, offended the colony leadership. A major controversy ensued, and after a trial before a jury of officials and clergy, she was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Colonial Cycle – Elizabethan Renaissance Era – First Turning, High (1589-1620)
Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

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Today – July 17

Today’s Notable U. S. Event

Heritage Wedding

Fred Murray and Elizabeth “Bessie” Nelson were married on 17 Jul 1912 in Montana

fred_Murray_family1Fred and Elizabeth “Bessie” were my grandparents and the parents of my father, Ivan “Hap” Murray (he is the little guy in front of his Dad in the picture).  Fred was born on a farm in Kansas on 21 Mar 1891.  In 1900 his father was tragically killed in a farming accident and then his older brother drowned the following year.  In the next decade the remaining family struggled to maintain the farm and his Mother remarried.  Then in 1910 young Fred, and most of his family and neighbors, took off for the promise of Homesteading in central Montana.

Bessie was born on 9 Nov 1893 and raised in Iowa. Her family was also attracted by the apparent opportunities awaiting them in Montana, when Homesteading opened up, and around 1910 they also packed up and headed west.

Fred and Bessie met and married shortly after their families moved to Montana.  They Homesteaded near the tiny town of Coffee Creek.  Many of their family member’s descendants still live in the area.  Both of my father’s grandmothers are buried in the small Coffee Creek cemetery. Fred and Bessie had 5 children in Montana and scratched out a living, mostly farming, but also doing odd and seasonal jobs to make ends meet.  Finally,  around 1930 as the depression closed in, they began to drift west.  After stops in western Montana and Washington State they finally settled in Oregon’s Willamette Valley in the early ’30s.  My father finished High School there in the small town of Philomath.

But they couldn’t stay still it seems.  As the depression wound down and WWII came to dominate American life they headed to California (along with most of their children and families) in search of new adventure.  The rest of their lives Fred and Bessie wandered about, not pausing long in any one place and always seeking new horizons.  The stayed mostly on the  West Coast but lived in Wyoming, Oregon, Northern and Southern California among other places.  They were happy in their comings and goings and always stayed close to one or another of their kids.  They ended up spending their final years in Oregon, near their daughter Carmen.

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)

Today – July 15

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Rembrandt – Important artist of the Dutch Classic period.

Artist as a Young Man - Rembrandt Harmenszoon ...

Artist as a Young Man – Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history.  His contributions to art came in a period that historians call the Dutch Golden Age.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

 

Today – July 14

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

Gerald Ford – 40th Vice-President of the U. S. upon Spiro Agnew’s resignation and 38th President of the U. S. upon Richard Nixon’s resignation

Gerald Ford, official Presidential photo. Fran...

Gerald Ford, official Presidential photo. Français : Gerald Ford, premier portrait officiel du Président américain, (1974). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King, Jr.) (July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974. As the first person appointed to the vice-presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, when he became President upon Richard Nixon’s resignation on August 9, 1974, he also became the only President of the United States that was not elected for either President or Vice-President.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)

G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

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Today – July 13

Today’s Memorable U. S. Event

Northwest Ordinance

Location of Northwest Territory

Location of Northwest Territory (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Northwest Ordinance (formally An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio, and also known as the Freedom Ordinance or “The Ordinance of 1787″) was an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States, passed July 13, 1787. The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.

On August 7, 1789, President George Washington signed the Northwest Ordinance of 1789 into law after the newly created U.S. Congress reaffirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution. The Ordinance purported to be not merely legislation that could later be amended by Congress, but rather “the following articles shall be considered as Articles of compact between the original States and the people and states in the said territory, and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent….”

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The American Revolution Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1774-1787)

Today – July 11

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

John Quincy Adams – Sixth President of the United States

John Quincy Adams portrait. "John Quincy ...

John Quincy Adams portrait. “John Quincy Adams”. Metropolitan Museum of Art . . Retrieved September 4, 2009 . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American diplomat and politician who served as the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Compromise Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1767-1791)