Today – October 17

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Heritage Birthday

George Stallard was born on this day in 1859

George Stallard (17 Oct 1859, Virginia – 12 Jun 1943, Oklahoma) was my Spouse’s Great grandfather. In 1881 he was married to Eva Marshall in Missouri.

Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

Today – October 16

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Heritage Birthday

Nevada (Cary) Summers was born on this day in 1865

Nevada (Cary) Summers (16 Oct 1865, Missouri – 05 Dec 1950, Oklahoma) was my Spouse’s grandmother.  In 1889 she was married to Logan Summers in Missouri.

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – October 15

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Friedrich Nietzsche - Influential German philosopher and philologist

Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875).

Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a 19th-century German philosopher and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

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Today – October 14

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Dwight D. Eisenhower - Five star general and 34th President of the United States

Dwight D. Eisenhower photo portrait.

Dwight D. Eisenhower photo portrait. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was a five-star general in the United States Army and the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. During the Second World War, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45. In 1951, he became the first supreme commander of NATO.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – October 12

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

Columbus arrives in America

Christoper Columbus arrives in America

Christoper Columbus arrives in America (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the early modern period, the voyages of Columbus initiated European exploration and colonization of the American continents, and are thus of great significance in world history. Christopher Columbus was a navigator and an admiral for Castile, a country that later founded modern Spain. He made four voyages to the Americas, with his first in 1492*, which resulted in what is widely referred to as the Discovery of America or Discovery of the Americas.  He did not actually reach the mainland until his third voyage, in 1498, when he reached South America, and the fourth voyage, when he reached Central America.

* …After 29 days out of sight of land, on October 7, 1492, the crew spotted “[i]mmense flocks of birds”, some of which his sailors trapped and determined to be “field” birds (probably Eskimo curlews and American golden plovers). Columbus changed course to follow their flight.

Land was sighted at 2 a.m. on October 12, by a sailor named Rodrigo de Triana (also known as Juan Rodriguez Bermejo) aboard La Pinta. Columbus would later assert that he had first seen the land and, thus, earned the reward of 10,000 maravedís. Columbus called the island San Salvador, in present day the Bahamas or the Turks and Caicos, although the indigenous residents had already named it Guanahani. Exactly which island in the Bahamas or Turks and Caicos this corresponds to is an unresolved topic; prime candidates are Samana Cay, Plana Cays, Grand Turk, or San Salvador Island (named San Salvador in 1925 in the belief that it was Columbus’ San Salvador).

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

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Today – October 11

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Eleanor Roosevelt - Longest serving First Lady of the U. S. and active civil rights advocate.

English: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, head-and-shou...

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was the First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and assumed a role as an advocate for civil rights. After her husband’s death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an internationally prominent author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition. She worked to enhance the status of working women, although she opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because she believed it would adversely affect women.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – October 9

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

Today is officially Leif Ericson Day in the United States, in honor of the first European discovery of the North American continent.

Christian Krohg's painting of Leiv Eiriksson d...

Christian Krohg’s painting of Leiv Eiriksson discover America, 1893 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lief Ericson ( c. 970 – c. 1020) was a Norse explorer who is regarded as the first European to land in North America (excluding Greenland), nearly 500 years before Christopher Columbus.  According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, which has been tentatively identified with the L’Anse aux Meadows Norse site on the northern tip of the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

During a stay in Norway, Leif converted to Christianity, like many Norse of that time, at the behest of the King of Norway, Olaf I. When he returned to Greenland, he bought Bjarni Herjólfsson‘s boat and set out with 35 men to explore the land that Bjarni had seen to the west of Greenland, which was likely coastal Canada.

The Saga of the Greenlanders tells that Leif set out in the year 1002 or 1003 to follow Bjarni’s route with 35 crew members, but going north.

The first land he went to was covered with flat rocks (Old Norse hella). He therefore called it Helluland (“Land of the Flat Stones”). This was possibly Baffin Island. Next he came to a land that was flat and wooded, with white sandy beaches. He called this Markland (“Wood-land”), which is possibly Labrador.

Leif and his crew left Markland and again found land, which they named Vinland. They landed and built a small settlement which they called Leifsbúdir, meaning Leif’s storage houses, suggesting the settlement was temporary. They found the area pleasant as there were wild grapes and plenty of salmon in the river. The climate was mild, with little frost in the winter and green grass year-round. They remained in the region over the winter and returned to Greenland in spring carrying a cargo of timber.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

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Today – October 7

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Neils Bohr - Pioneer in the development of nuclear physics.

Niels Bohr. In 1922 the Nobel Prize in Physics...

Niels Bohr. In 1922 the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Niels Bohr for his contributions to the understanding of quantum mechanics. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Niels Henrik David Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at his institute in Copenhagen. He was part of a team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. Bohr married Margrethe Nørlund in 1912, and one of their sons, Aage Bohr, grew up to be an important physicist who in 1975 also received the Nobel prize. Bohr has been described as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – October 6

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Le Corbusier - Pioneer in modern architecture and urban planning

English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known ...

English: Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris known as Le Corbusier. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zü...

Centre Le Corbusier (Heidi Weber Museum) in Zürich-Seefeld ( ) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International Style.He was born in Switzerland, but became a French citizen in his 30s.   Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)