Today – October 24

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek - The father of Microbiology

Portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632—1723).

Portrait of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632—1723). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (born on October 24, 1632 – baptized on November 4, and died on August 26, 1723 – buried on August 30) was a Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, the Netherlands. He is commonly known as “the Father of Microbiology“, and considered to be the first microbiologist. He is best known for his work on the improvement of the microscope and for his contributions towards the establishment of microbiology. Using his handcrafted microscopes he was the first to observe and describe single celled organisms, which he originally referred to as animalcules, and which we now refer to as microorganisms. He was also the first to record microscopic observations of muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa and blood flow in capillaries (small blood vessels). Van Leeuwenhoek never wrote books, just letters.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Cavalier Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1615-1647)

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Today – October 22

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Sarah Bernhardt - Legendary 19th century French actress

English: French stage actress Sarah Bernhardt ...

English: French stage actress Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923) as Cleopatra, photograph by Napoleon Sarony (1821-1896), 1891. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sarah Bernhardt (October 22, 1844 – March 26, 1923) was a legendary French stage actress, and has been referred to as “the most famous actress in the history of the world”.   Bernhardt made her fame on the stages of Europe in the 1870s, and was soon in demand in Europe and the Americas. She developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the nickname “The Divine Sarah.”

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

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Today – October 21

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Alfred Nobel - Inventor of dynamite and founder of the Nobel Prizes.

Portrait of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) by Gösta ...

Portrait of Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) by Gösta Florman (1831–1900). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alfred Bernhard Nobel  (21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer. He is the the inventor of dynamite. Nobel also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannon and other armaments. Nobel held 355 different patents, dynamite being the most famous. In his last will, he used his enormous fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element nobelium was named after him.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Gilded Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1822-1842)

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Today – October 17

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Heritage Birthday

George Stallard was born on this day in 1859

George Stallard (17 Oct 1859, Virginia – 12 Jun 1943, Oklahoma) was my Spouse’s Great grandfather. In 1881 he was married to Eva Marshall in Missouri.

Civil War Cycle – Era of Slavery Expansion – Third Turning, Unraveling (1838-1859)
Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

Today – October 16

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Heritage Birthday

Nevada (Cary) Summers was born on this day in 1865

Nevada (Cary) Summers (16 Oct 1865, Missouri – 05 Dec 1950, Oklahoma) was my Spouse’s grandmother.  In 1889 she was married to Logan Summers in Missouri.

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)
World War Cycle – Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

Today – October 15

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthdays

Friedrich Nietzsche - Influential German philosopher and philologist

Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875).

Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a 19th-century German philosopher and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony and aphorism.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Civil War Cycle – Progressive Generation – Artist (Adaptive) (1843-1859)

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Today – October 14

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Dwight D. Eisenhower - Five star general and 34th President of the United States

Dwight D. Eisenhower photo portrait.

Dwight D. Eisenhower photo portrait. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was a five-star general in the United States Army and the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. During the Second World War, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45. In 1951, he became the first supreme commander of NATO.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – October 12

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

Columbus arrives in America

Christoper Columbus arrives in America

Christoper Columbus arrives in America (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the early modern period, the voyages of Columbus initiated European exploration and colonization of the American continents, and are thus of great significance in world history. Christopher Columbus was a navigator and an admiral for Castile, a country that later founded modern Spain. He made four voyages to the Americas, with his first in 1492*, which resulted in what is widely referred to as the Discovery of America or Discovery of the Americas.  He did not actually reach the mainland until his third voyage, in 1498, when he reached South America, and the fourth voyage, when he reached Central America.

* …After 29 days out of sight of land, on October 7, 1492, the crew spotted “[i]mmense flocks of birds”, some of which his sailors trapped and determined to be “field” birds (probably Eskimo curlews and American golden plovers). Columbus changed course to follow their flight.

Land was sighted at 2 a.m. on October 12, by a sailor named Rodrigo de Triana (also known as Juan Rodriguez Bermejo) aboard La Pinta. Columbus would later assert that he had first seen the land and, thus, earned the reward of 10,000 maravedís. Columbus called the island San Salvador, in present day the Bahamas or the Turks and Caicos, although the indigenous residents had already named it Guanahani. Exactly which island in the Bahamas or Turks and Caicos this corresponds to is an unresolved topic; prime candidates are Samana Cay, Plana Cays, Grand Turk, or San Salvador Island (named San Salvador in 1925 in the belief that it was Columbus’ San Salvador).

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

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Today – October 11

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Eleanor Roosevelt - Longest serving First Lady of the U. S. and active civil rights advocate.

English: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, head-and-shou...

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was the First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and assumed a role as an advocate for civil rights. After her husband’s death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an internationally prominent author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition. She worked to enhance the status of working women, although she opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because she believed it would adversely affect women.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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