Today – January 13

#SCOTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Salmon P. Chase – 6th Chief Justice of the United States of America

Salmon Portland Chase was Lincoln's choice to ...
Salmon Portland Chase was Lincoln’s choice to be Chief Justice of the United States. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808 – May 7, 1873) was an American politician and jurist who served as U.S. Senator from Ohio and the 23rd Governor of Ohio; as U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Abraham Lincoln; and as the sixth Chief Justice of the United States.

Message of President Abraham Lincoln nominatin...
Message of President Abraham Lincoln nominating Salmon P. Chase to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 12/06/1864 (Photo credit: The U.S. National Archives)

Chase was one of the most prominent members of the new Republican Party before becoming Chief Justice. Chase articulated the “Slave Power conspiracy” thesis well before Lincoln. He coined the slogan of the Free Soil Party, “Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men.” He devoted his energies to the destruction of what he considered the Slave Power – the conspiracy of Southern slave owners to seize control of the federal government and block the progress of liberty.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)
Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

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Today – January 12

#OTD

Today’s Notable Birthdays

U. S. Birthday

John Winthrop –  Puritan leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

English: Lithograph of John Winthrop, early go...
Lithograph of John Winthrop, early governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, possibly from book published in the 19th century. Original artwork by Vandyke, engraving rendition by Jarvis Griggs Kellogg, an A. Andrews Print. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Winthrop (12 January 1587/8– 26 March 1649) obtained a royal charter, along with other wealthy Puritans, from King Charles for the Massachusetts Bay Company and led a group of English Puritans to the New World in 1630. He was elected the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony the year before. Between 1639 and 1648, he was voted out of the governorship and then re-elected a total of 12 times. Although Winthrop was a respected political figure, he was criticized for his obstinacy regarding the formation of a general assembly in 1634, and he clashed repeatedly with other Puritan leaders like Thomas Dudley, Rev. Peter Hobart and others.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pre-Colonial Cycle – Elizabethan Renaissance Era – First Turning, High (1589-1620)
Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

Continue reading Today – January 12

Today – January 11

#OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

  • Jan 11 1861 – Alabama becomes the fourth State to secede from the Union in the build up to the Civil War

Notable U. S. Birthday

Alexander Hamilton – Eminent Founding Father

Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757 – July 12, 1804) was the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, a Founding Father, economist, and political philosopher. He led calls for the Philadelphia Convention, was one of America’s first Constitutional lawyers, and cowrote the Federalist Papers, a primary source for Constitutional interpretation.

Hamilton’s intense rivalry with political foe Aaron Burr resulted in a duel, in which Hamilton was mortally wounded.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The French and Indian War Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1744-1773)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – January 10

#OTD

Today’s Memorable U. S. Events

  • Jan 10 1861 – Florida is the third state to secede from the Union in the Civil War buildup

Spindletop Gusher

English: The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill, ...
English: The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop Hill, South of Beaumont, Texas, United States (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Spindletop is a salt dome oil field located in south Beaumont, Texas in the United States. The Spindletop dome was derived from the Louann Salt evaporite layer of the Jurassic geologic period. On January 10, 1901, a well at Spindletop struck oil (“came in”). The new oil field soon produced more than 100,000 barrels per day (16,000 m3/d) of oil per day. Gulf Oil and Texaco, now part of Chevron Corporation, were formed to develop production at Spindletop.

The strike at Spindletop represented a turning point for Texas and the nation. No previously-discovered oil field in the world had ever been so productive. The frenzy of oil exploration and the economic development it generated in the state became known as the Texas Oil Boom. The United States soon became the leading oil producer in the world.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)

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Today – January 9

#POTUS #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Events

  • Jan 09 1788 – Connecticut becomes the fifth state
  • Jan 09 1861 – first shots of the Civil War are fired at Fort Sumpter, and
  • Jan 09 1861 – Mississippi is the second state to secede from the Union

Notable U. S. Birthday

Richard Nixon 36th Vice President and 37th President of the United States

English: Richard Milhous Nixon - Presidential ...
English: Richard Milhous Nixon – Presidential portrait. 37th President of the United States (1969-1974) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the thirty-seventh President of the United States (1969–1974), and the only president to ever resign the office. In the face of likely impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal, Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. His successor, Gerald Ford, issued a pardon for any federal crimes Nixon may have committed while in office.  He was also the thirty-sixth Vice President of the United States (1953–1961).

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

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Today – January 7

#POTUS #GENEALOGY #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Millard Fillmore  – Thirteenth President of the United States

Millard Fillmore (13th president of the United...
Millard Fillmore (13th president of the United States). Image by Mathew B. Brady circa 1855-1865, and forms part of the Library of Congress Brady-Handy photograph collection. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the thirteenth President of the United States, serving from 1850 until 1853, and the last member of the Whig Party to hold that office. He was the second Vice President to assume the Presidency upon the death of a sitting President, succeeding Zachary Taylor who died of what is thought to be acute gastroenteritis or hyperthermia (heat stroke). Fillmore was never elected President; after serving out Taylor’s term, he failed to gain the nomination for the Presidency of the Whigs in the 1852 presidential election, and, four years later, in the 1856 presidential election, he again failed to win election as the Know Nothing Party and Whig candidate.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)
Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

Continue reading Today – January 7

Today – January 4

#SCIENCE #OTD

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

English: Isaac Newton Dansk: Sir Isaac Newton ...
Sir Isaac Newton  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Newton – Father of Physics – His Works

Sir Isaac Newton, (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian and one of the most influential men in human history.

English: Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica E...
Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

His Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is considered to be the most influential book in the history of science. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics, which dominated the scientific view of the physical Universe for the next three centuries and is the basis for modern engineering.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

U. S. Contemporaries: Colonial Cycle – Cavalier Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1615-1647)
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Today – January 3

#OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Lucretia Mott – Leading 19th Century American abolitionist and women’s rights activist.  #OTD

English: I took photo of Lucretia Mott at Nati...
Lucretia Mott at National Portrait Gallery. Public domain. U.S. government property (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lucretia Coffin Mott (January 3, 1793 – November, 1880) was an American Quakerabolitionist, a women’s rights activist, and a social reformer.

In 1848 Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York. Stanton noted the Seneca Falls Convention was the first public women’s rights meeting in the United States. Stanton’s resolution that it was “the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves the sacred right to the elective franchise” was passed despite Mott’s opposition. Mott viewed politics as corrupted by slavery and moral compromises, but she soon concluded that women’s “right to the elective franchise however, is the same, and should be yielded to her, whether she exercises that right or not.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Era of Good Feeling – First Turning, High (1788-1821)
Transcendental Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1792-1821)

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Today – January 1

 Here’s wishing you and yours a wonderful 2016.

#GENEALOGY #OTD

Today’s Notable U. S. Events

The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect – January 1, 1863

Photograph of a reproduction of the Emancipati...
Photograph of a reproduction of the Emancipation Proclamation (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers. It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states then in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at that time. The Proclamation immediately freed 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (called freedmen) citizens.

On September 22, 1862, Lincoln announced that he would issue a formal emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. None returned and the actual order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control. The Proclamation made abolition a central goal of the war (in addition to reunion), outraged white Southerners who envisioned a race war, angered some Northern Democrats, energized anti-slavery forces, and weakened forces in Europe that wanted to intervene to help the Confederacy.

Slavery was made illegal everywhere in the U.S. by the Thirteenth Amendment, which took effect in December 1865.

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)

Continue reading Today – January 1