Today – April 20

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Adolf Hitler – Fascist dictator of Nazi Germany and perpetrator of WWII.

English: Portrait of Adolf Hitler.

English: Portrait of Adolf Hitler. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , popularly known as the Nazi Party. He was the ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as chancellor from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state (Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. He was named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.

A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the Nazi Party in 1920 and became its leader in 1921. Following his imprisonment after a failed coup in 1923, he gained support by promoting nationalism, antisemitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor in 1933, and quickly established a totalitarian and fascist dictatorship. Hitler pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum (“living space”) for Germany, directing the resources of the state toward this goal. His rebuilt Wehrmacht invaded Poland in 1939, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.

Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers occupied most of Europe and large parts of Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onward and in 1945 Allied armies invaded Germany from all sides. His forces committed numerous atrocities during the war, including the systematic killing of as many as 17 million civilians including the genocide of an estimated six million Jews, known as the Holocaust.

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U. S. Contemporaries: World War Cycle – Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – April 16

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Wilbur Wright - Credited, along with his brother Orville, with building the first successful airplane.

Wilbur Wright

Wilbur Wright (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two Americans who are generally credited with inventing and building the world’s first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. They are also officially credited worldwide through the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the standard-setting and record-keeping body for aeronautics and astronautics, as “the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight”.

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, b...

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, by the Wright brothers. The machine traveled 120 ft (36.6 m) in 12 seconds at 10:35 a.m. at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed wing flight possible.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – The Gilded Age – First Turning, High (1866-1885)
Missionary Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1860-1882)

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Today – April 15

Today’s Memorable U. S. Event

The death of President Abraham Lincoln

Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln; 18...

Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln; 1865 depiction. Assassin John Wilkes Booth on the right. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close, just five days after the surrender of the commanding general of the Army of Northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee, and his battered Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated, though an unsuccessful attempt had been made on Andrew Jackson in 1835.

The assassination was planned and carried out by well-known actor John Wilkes Booth as part of a larger conspiracy intended to rally the remaining Confederate troops to continue fighting. Booth plotted with Lewis Powell and George Atzerodt to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward and Vice President Andrew Johnson as well.

Lincoln was shot while watching the play Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. with his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln. He died the next morning. The rest of the plot failed. Powell only managed to wound Seward, while Atzerodt, Johnson’s would-be assassin, lost his nerve and fled.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Civil War Cycle – Civil War Era – Fourth Turning, Crisis (1860-1865)

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Today – April 13

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

Thomas Jefferson - 3rd President of the United States and principal author of the Declaration of Independence

English: Cropped version of Thomas Jefferson, ...

English: Cropped version of Thomas Jefferson, painted by Charles Willson Peale. Philadelphia, 1791. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Revolutionary War Cycle – The Great Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1734-1743)
Republican Generation – Hero (Civic) (1742-1766)

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Today – April 11

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthdays

Dean Acheson – American statesman and Cold War foreign policy expert.

Dean G. Acheson, U.S. Secretary of State, Janu...

Dean G. Acheson, U.S. Secretary of State, January 21, 1949 to January 20, 1953 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dean Gooderham Acheson  (April 11, 1893 – October 12, 1971) was an American statesman and lawyer. As United States Secretary of State in the administration of President Harry S. Truman from 1949 to 1953, he played a central role in defining American foreign policy during the Cold War. Acheson helped design the Marshall Plan and played a central role in the development of the Truman Doctrine and creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Acheson’s most famous decision was convincing President Truman to intervene in the Korean War in June 1950. He also persuaded Truman to dispatch aid and advisors to French forces in Indochina, though in 1968 he finally counseled President Lyndon B. Johnson to negotiate for peace with North Vietnam. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, President John F. Kennedy called upon Acheson for advice, bringing him into the executive committee (ExComm), a strategic advisory group.

Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – Missionary Awakening Era – Second Turning, Awakening (1886-1909)
Lost Generation – Nomad (Reactive) (1883-1900)

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Today – April 10

Today’s Notable Foreign Birthday

Hugo de Groot - Dutch jurist who helped lay the foundations for international law

Hugo Grotius - Portrait by Michiel Jansz van M...

Hugo Grotius – Portrait by Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, 1631 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hugo Grotius (also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot; 10 April 1583 – 28 August 1645) worked as a jurist in the Dutch Republic. With Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, and poet.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

Elder of Colonial Cycle – Puritan Generation – Prophet (Idealist) (1584-1614)

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Today – April 9

Today’s Notable U. S. Birthday

John Eckert - co-inventor with John Mauchly of the first commercial electronic digital computer (ENIAC)

Kay McNulty hands a print-out of ENIAC results...

Kay McNulty hands a print-out of ENIAC results to its inventors Pres Eckert (left) and John Mauchly (right) in a newsreel dating from 1946. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

John Adam Presper “Pres” Eckert Jr. (April 9, 1919 – June 3, 1995) was an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer. With John Mauchly he invented the first general-purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC), presented the first course in computing topics (the Moore School Lectures), founded the first commercial computer company (the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation), and designed the first commercial computer in the U.S., the UNIVAC, which incorporated Eckert’s invention of the mercury delay line memory.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)
G.I. Generation – Hero (Civic) (1901-1924)

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Today – April 6

Today’s Notable Events

Notable U. S. Birthday

James Dewey Watson – Co-discoverer of the structure of DNA

James Watson

James Watson (Photo credit: afagen)

James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA. Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material”. He studied at the University of Chicago and Indiana University and subsequently worked at the University of Cambridge‘s Cavendish Laboratory in England where he first met Francis Crick.

Wikepedia – The Free Encyclopedia

World War Cycle – World War I / Prohibition Era – Third Turning, Unraveling (1910-1929)
Silent Generation, – Artist (Adaptive) (1925-1942)

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